A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine offer mixed results for e-cigarettes. The new report, supplied to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), offers both good and bad news for advocates of e-cigarettes.
After studying research done on the health effects of e-cigarettes, a panel of experts found that there is evidence that e-cigarette use can be addictive. Nicotine exposure varies between different users, e-liquids and devices and can at times be on the same level as those who use traditional cigarettes. The panel of experts also concluded that most e-cigarettes also produce potentially toxic substances but e-cigarette aerosol contains less toxic substances than smoke from traditional cigarettes. The research were conclusive that e-cigarette use increases airborne concentrations of particulate matter and nicotine in indoor environments. There is substantial evidence that exposure to potentially toxic substances from e-cigarettes is typically lower than that of traditional cigarettes.
The report also presents several findings in regards to the effects of e-cigarettes on an individual’s health. E-cigarettes can raise blood pressure and heart rates. There was a lack of evidence found that showed a link between longterm changes in heart rate, blood pressure and overall heart function. Also, there wasn’t enough evidence found to support the claim that e-cigarette use would lead to cancer and other respiratory diseases. If directly consumed or directly exposed, e-liquids can cause serious health affects including damage to the eyes and skin and can lead to seizures.
There is very little evidence of e-cigarettes being effective in smoking cessation efforts but there was substantial evidence that showed e-cigarette use could lead youths and young adults to try traditional tobacco products. E-cigarette use could reduce a smoker’s exposure to many of the harmful chemicals and carcinogens found in traditional cigarettes.
In summary, while e-cigarettes and vaping can be a safer alternative than traditional cigarettes, the panel of experts found both positive and negative effects of e-cigarette use and were not ready to conclude they were entirely safe. You can read more highlights from the report by clicking here.